Fatty acids and lipids: physico-chemical characteristics and nomenclature. What foods are they found in? Effects on health
Nutrients: What Are The Most Important And What They Are Used For. General Guide and: Carbohydrates, Proteins, Fats, Fibers, Vitamins and Minerals
Nutrients and their functions. How much energy do you get from food? Unit of measurement of energy: the calorie
Chemical structure of fatty acids and triglycerides. Characteristics, properties and differences between lipids and fatty acids
What are saturated fatty acids: chemical structure. What are the possible health effects? Which foods to prefer? Which ones to avoid? Some advices
Complex carbohydrates: what are they? Which ones are they? Omo and Etero polysaccharides. Importance of structural and energy carbohydrates. Physiology and nutrition
What are simple sugars? Where are? Properties and characteristics of simple sugars. Simple sugars in the diet
Refined carbohydrates: what are they? Do you know them? Can you tell them apart? Simple refined carbohydrates, semi-complex and complex refined carbohydrates
Definition and characteristics of carbohydrates. Simple and complex carbohydrates: what are they and what functions do they perform? How does the absorption of carbohydrates take place?
What are macronutrients? What are their functions? Percentages of macronutrients in a balanced diet
Polyunsaturated Fats: What Are They? Classification and Nomenclature of Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids? Why are Alpha-Linolenic Acid and Linoleic Acid Essential?
What is Alpha Linolenic Acid? It is essential? Where is it? Functions, health benefits and recommended amount
Mineral Salts: What Are They? What are they for? What functions do they perform? Classification, Bioavailability, Excess and Deficiency of Mineral Salts
Sulfur amino acids: how many are there? What are their functions? Where are? What are the consequences of high levels of sulfur amino acids?
Vitamin Deficiency: What Are the Causes? Why Do They Manifest? How widespread are they? How are they classified? Types of Vitamin Deficiencies
Vitamin B12 deficiency and requirement. Where is it? Which foods are richer in it? What causes a Vitamin B12 deficiency?
Folic Acid: What is it? What Functions Does It Perform? Outline of metabolism. What are the correlations with health? Foods Rich in Folic Acid, Needs and Deficiencies