Surgical Therapy of Glaucoma: What and When It Is Used

it is a "treatment option that is considered when hypotonic drugs prove insufficient in controlling the disease."


Glaucoma is a pathology of the "devious eye, which compromises visual function following a pain in the optic nerve, normally responsible for carrying visual signals to the brain. The risk factor considered most important in the onset of this disease is" increase in intraocular pressure (IOP). Ocular hypertonus makes the tissues inside the eye vulnerable and insidiously begins to alter the optic nerve, causing, over time, permanent damage to sight.

Surgical treatment of glaucoma can make use of various techniques. In any case, the goal of the intervention is to stop the progression of the disease and to reduce intraocular pressure, creating an additional route for the outflow of aqueous humor.

peripheral and cause irreversible damage to the optic nerve, which can lead to blindness.

The first choice treatment of glaucoma is generally of a pharmacological type and involves the use of hypotonizing eye drops, to be instilled in the eye regularly and continuously, to maintain constant pressure over the 24 hours.

Surgical treatment of glaucoma is considered when medications are no longer sufficient to control the flow and drainage of the aqueous humor.

Depending on the specific case, the ophthalmologist may indicate the use of laser or incisional surgery.

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