Digitalis Purpurea in short, a summary of the digitalis

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Digitalis purpurea Titles the chapter of digitalis drugs → rich in cardioactive glycosides and saponins Digitalis purpurea and danger Forbidden in phytotherapy because it is toxic → opium of the heart
Medical admission: prescribed by doctors → the patient must be constantly monitored Genre: Digitalis
  1. Digitalis purpurea:
  • Digitalis purpurea subsp. Purpurea
  • Digitalis purpurea subsp. Heywoodii
  • Digitalis purpurea subsp. Mariana
  1. Digitalis lanata→ extremely active
  2. Digitalis nervosa → very powerful pharmacological virtues
  3. Digitalis grandiflora, Digitalis ferruginea, Digitalis micrantha → highly toxic and thermolabile active ingredients
Digitalis purpurea: etymology of the term
  • Digitalis derives from "digitas", finger (later adapted to "thimble") → allusion to the morphology of the corolla of flowers
  • Digitalis lanata: the name alludes to the woolly aspect of the plant
Digitalis purpurea: botanical description
  • Family: Scrophulariaceae
  • Plant description: precious flower that in the past has cured so many hearts, biennial and rustic plant
  • Root: large and particularly branched
  • Stem: hairy
  • Height: 1-2 m
  • Leaves: spirally arranged, oblong oval, hairy, with a small winged petiole
  • New leaves: scattered, lanceolate, sessile (upper leaves) or petiolate (lower)
  • Flowers: tubular, bell-shaped and pendulous, organized in clusters
  • Flower color: externally purple and internally white.
  • Fruit: small sharp capsule or septicidal capsule
  • Seeds: tiny seeds enclosed in the fruit
  • Distribution: wooded, wild or arid areas of one hundred Europe
  • Soil: loves loose soils, with a slightly acidic pH, preferably enriched with organic material
Digitalis purpurea: drug Fresh and dried leaves Digitalis purpurea: active
  • Active glucosides called cardenolides (eg gytoxin, digitoxin, gitaloxigenin and gitaloxin)
  • Saponin glucosides (eg Digitonoside, gitonoside (seeds), tigonoside, etc.), and digitanol-heterosides (diginoside, digifolein, etc.)
  • flavonoids (eg. Luteolin)
  • Caffeic acid, citric acid, ascorbic acid, p-coumaric acid (traces)
Digitalis drugs Very low therapeutic index → ​​limit between the therapeutic dose and the very thin toxic dose → extremely dangerous Digitalis purpurea: toxicity
  • FUI: the leaves of Digitalis purpurea may not contain less than 0.3% cardenolide heterosides, expressed as digitoxin (dry leaves)
  • 40g of fresh leaves or 10g of dried leaves can kill a man
  • Amount of heterosides in fresh leaves: variable (1.6-4.8 mg)
Digitalis purpurea: activities D. purpurea And D. lanata sthey are used in the medical field for the extraction of cardiotonic active ingredients
Activities:
  • cardiotonics
  • negative chronotropic (bradycardic)
  • positive bathmotrope
  • negative dromotropic
→ improvement of cardiac function + enhancement of renal plasma flow and glomerular filtration (diuretic properties) Digitalis purpurea: uses Allopathic medicine: treatment of congestive heart changes, fibrillation and paroxysmal supra-ventricular tachycardia
Homeopathy: to combat arthritis and digestive difficulties Intoxication from Digitalis purpurea
  • Arrhythmias
  • Abdominal pain
  • Nausea
  • He retched
  • Anorexia
  • Gastrointestinal disorders in general
  • Dizziness
  • Insomnia
  • Mental confusion
  • Visual impairment
  • Palpitations
  • Syncope


Other articles on "Digitalis Purpurea in brief, digitalis summary"

  1. Digitalis Purpurea - therapeutic uses and toxicity
  2. Digitalis - Digitalis Purpurea
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