Dribbling in Volleyball: What It Is and How It Is Performed

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The dribble is used when the ball is high, above the head, to lift, defend, support or receive.


To improve the anticipation, the evaluation of the trajectories, the ability and the speed of the movements it is necessary to position oneself in such a way that the body is under the ball (as it is represented in the figure below, which also indicates the vector representation the position of the thumb and index finger).

Data sheet

The technical model on which the dribble is based takes into account aspects such as the arrival trajectory of the ball, the position of the lower and upper limbs, the position of the trunk, the dynamics of execution of the dribble and the exit trajectories of the ball.

Trajectory of the ball

The laws governing the arrival trajectories of the ball are determined by the direction and thrust force imparted to the ball.

In this sense we must position the body in such a way that the ball is above the head and in front of the forehead.

We must therefore work on space-time organization skills and recognize the correct position of contact with the ball.

It is also necessary to perceive the different points of the trajectory and to regulate one's movement based on the movement of the ball.

The trajectory of arrival of the ball and the relative movements can be: forward, backward, sideways, or a combination of the three previous movements.

Lower limbs

Before lifting the ball, the setter must evaluate the arrival trajectory of the ball, then move quickly and finally position himself under the ball. To go to the net, it is more convenient for the setter to use slippery steps, side-by-side steps, or cross steps.

The first thing we have to work on with the lower limbs are the movements, that is the translocation of the body from one point to another on the playing field. Moving allows you to quickly assume a certain position to start the next fundamental. The movements can be performed by walking, running, jumping, or acrobatics.

Waiting position

  1. legs slightly bent (the bending of the lower limbs depends on the height of interception of the ball);
  2. feet apart one ahead of the other.

Starting positions for moving and dribbling

High position

It allows you to move easily in all directions of the court: the support is spread apart, the heels are in contact with the ground, the legs and torso are slightly semi-bent and the upper limbs are bent at the height of the belt.

Average position

It allows a greater thrust of the ball by increasing the length of the trajectory.
The feet are positioned as in the high position, the leg-thigh angle is about 100 °, the torso is bent forward with a higher inclination than the high position and the upper limbs are flexed forming an angle of about 140 °.

Low position

The low position is characterized by a greater closure of the aforementioned corners.

Upper limbs

The arms push the ball symmetrically and at the moment of impact they are high and with the elbows flexed slightly above the shoulders and more open. The hands are above the forehead fully open and the fingers slightly in tension. The impact must be carried out with all fingers.
Examples of exercises:

  • Bounce the ball on the ground with one hand, first the right and then the left;
  • Bounce the ball consecutively on the ground by wrapping it with all ten fingers without stopping it;
  • Like the previous one but against the wall from a close distance, about ten centimeters.

The various exercises must be proposed gradually, from easy to difficult, from slow to fast and so on.


The main function of the trunk is to support the movement of the upper and lower limbs during the whole pushing phase. Its position must allow you to easily dribble forward or backward, following the direction of the ball.

Read on: Volleyball Dribbling: Improving Your Technique For further information: Battuta in Volleyball: What it is and How to do it For further information: Wall in Volleyball: What it is and How to do it For further information: Dunk in Volleyball: What it is and How to do it For further information: Bagher in Volleyball: What it is "is and How to do it For further information: Volleyball under 18 and under 20
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