Onychogryphosis (Nail to Claw): Causes, Symptoms and Treatment
Unfortunately, there is no effective drug therapy to cure onychogryphosis; the only treatment is to remove the deformed nails to prevent their regrowth., in particular the big toe, and can be favored by numerous local factors, such as:
- Repeated micro-traumas on the matrix caused by inadequate, too tight and uncomfortable footwear;
- Injuries resulting from violent shocks suffered by the nail (isolated trauma to the nail system);
- Poor hygiene of the parties concerned;
- Hallux valgus;
- Alteration of the static-functional biomechanics of the foot.
Onychogryphosis can also represent a symptom of various pathological conditions, such as:
- Skin affections (eg psoriasis, ichthyosis, ringworm, pemphigus);
- Nail infections (e.g. onychomycosis);
- Peripheral circulation disorders (eg varicose veins, thrombophlebitis, aneurysms, elephantiasis);
- Diseases of the central nervous system;
- Peripheral neuropathies.
Onychogryphosis can also be associated with other factors, such as:
- Old age;
- Nutritional deficiencies;
Onychogryphosis can also present itself in an idiopathic form (ie for unidentifiable causes).