Calendula - Properties and Therapeutic Indications

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First name: Calendula officinalis L.
Family: Composite

it is an annual herbaceous plant, known for a long time by the name "Fiorrancio".
The stems of the marigold can reach a height of about 70 cm and have different ramifications, at the end of which yellow-orange flowers grow, collected in flower heads; it is the latter that constitute the drug of cosmetic and phytotherapeutic interest obtained from the plant.

: consisting of over 45 substances;
  • Flavonoids: isoramnetina and quercetin glycosides, rutoside;
  • Triterpenoids: glycosides of oleanolic acid and triterpene alcohols;
  • Sterols: sitoterol, campesterol, stigmasterol;
  • Carotenoids;
  • Pyrogallic tannins.
  • ;
  • accelerate wound healing: the vulnerary properties appear to be due to an influence on the increase in the production of fibrin, which manifests itself with a rapid closure of the wounds, with good formation of granulation tissue and with the improvement of the cellular hydration balance of the skin. This action of calendula is to be attributed to carotenoids, similar from a chemical point of view to vitamin A;
  • the choleretic and lipid-lowering action: the calendula infusion shows a marked choleretic action, and increases the secretion of bile acids and the quantity of bile produced without significantly altering the bilirubin and cholesterol content. The saponosides of calendula lower cholesterol and triglyceride levels;
  • the action on the cardiovascular system and the central nervous system: the alcoholic and aqueous extracts cause a slight reduction in blood pressure and a reduction in cardiac activity (bradycardic action); furthermore, influences on sleep induction have also been documented;
  • as an adjuvant in gynecological care;
  • strengthen the veins;
  • anti-ulcer properties: the cytoprotective effect on the gastric mucosa is attributable to the carotene content, while the saponosides - in particular calenduloside B - have an anti-ulcer action.
  • For external use, calendula lends itself to the creation of creams, tinctures or compresses against acne, boils, burns and ulcers.
    Deeply localized inflammation and purulent wounds are also affected by the advantages of external applications based on calendula.
    Recent studies have shown that it is mainly skin infections caused by staphylococci that react well to the application of preparations based on this plant.
    The antibiotic activity, due to flavonoids and saponins, is directed towards various microorganisms, in particular against Gram-positive bacteria, such as Staphylococcus aureus And Streptococcus betahaemolyticus.
    In the gynecological field, calendula favors the regularization of the menstrual cycle, particularly in anemic women and subject to nervous crises; it also alleviates menstrual pains.

    Calendula in cream

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    This ointment, prepared with 10% of Calendula officinalis in full bloom, contains 80% of certified organic plant ingredients and is free of mineral oils, ingredients with microplastics, GMOs and synthetic fragrances.
    Calendula, used since ancient times for its soothing properties, is a natural skin conditioner that supports the skin's formation processes and maintains the normal physiological functions of the skin.

    Calendula oil

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    Obtained from the maceration of Calendula Officinalis flowers, Calendula oil is rich in antioxidants and vitamin A, with soothing and healing properties. Excellent natural remedy for the care of sensitive skin prone to irritation, chapping and redness. Particularly suitable for treatment of stretch marks, scars and for the prevention of breast fissures Thanks to its moisturizing and nourishing properties, it gives the skin a relaxed and voluminous appearance.
    The product is 100% natural, without allergens, without parabens, without mineral oils and without silicones.

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    crossed (Cross Reactivity) with other plants of the Asteraceae / Compositae family (eg chamomile).

    . Put the container in the sun and let it rest for at least 12 hours, so that the oil can absorb the essential oils and other active ingredients present in the flowers.
    Melt 5g of cocoa butter and 5g of beeswax in a saucepan, combine all the ingredients and leave to cool. The marigold cream thus prepared is ideal as a moisturizer for hands and face, but can be safely used for the treatment. of acne, boils and bedsores.

    Infusion of Calendula

    The marigold infusion is obtained by putting 2 teaspoons of marigold flowers, dried in the shade, in ¼ liter of boiling water.
    Cover the cup and strain after 10 minutes of infusion.
    Drinking 3 cups a day is very useful for regulating menstrual flow and treating the mucous membranes of the digestive tract and stomach in case of chronic inflammation.
    The infusion also acts on inflamed gums and throat, while a gauze soaked in it gives relief when applied to burns (even those caused by the sun), eczema, rashes or wounds.

    Calendula tincture

    The calendula tincture makes the most of the active ingredients of this plant, and is prepared by soaking, for 10 days, 20g of calendula flowers in 100ml of 60% alcohol.
    After this time, the dye is filtered by squeezing the flowers well before throwing them away.
    The tincture can be used to dab boils, or - by diluting it in a ratio of 1:10 (one drop of tincture for 10 drops of water) - to wet gauze to apply on skin rashes, burns or wounds.

    Calendula ointment

    It is commercially available and consists of 4g of calendula mother tincture and petroleum jelly up to 100g.
    Calendula ointment is a great calming agent that quickly heals cuts, lacerations, cracks in the hands and legs, and small septic wounds.
    To conclude, it should be emphasized that calendula is not an antiseptic in the strict sense, however, in its presence, germs are not able to take root.


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