Prostate: What is it? Functions and Diseases

. Located in the pelvis, just below the bladder and in front of the rectum, this exocrine gland surrounds the upper tract of the urethra.

The main function of the prostate is to help produce sperm, as it secretes part of the seminal fluid released during ejaculation (note: seminal fluid together with sperm constitutes sperm).

Due to its anatomical location and the functions in which it is involved, the prostate affects urination, erection and ejaculation. It is precisely the alteration of these physiological processes that triggers the suspicion of diseases affecting the gland. For men, the prostate is one of the most frequent sources of concern in advancing age: once the threshold of 50 is exceeded, this organ it tends to undergo benign prostatic hypertrophy and, under certain circumstances, prostate cancer (the most frequent in males) can arise.

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