Eye contour: characteristics and how to take care of them

, the eye contour is an extremely delicate area of ​​the skin of the face. Continuously subjected to environmental insults (wind, humidity, sudden changes in heat / cold, etc.) and to the natural movements of facial expressions, the eye contour tends to age much more rapidly than other skin areas.

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For this reason it is good to give this area the due attention, avoiding that a neglected eye contour ends up removing the natural brightness of the gaze prematurely.

Of course, the ideal treatment to improve the appearance of the eye area and prevent the typical signs of aging must be specific to the type of skin and suitable to meet the needs of the consumer.

surrounding the eyes appears evidently thinner (0.3 mm);
  • The number of hair follicles, sebaceous glands and eccrine (sweat) glands is much lower;
  • The elastic and collagen fibers present in the dermis matrix are numerically few;
  • Subcutaneous fat is present in much less quantity;
  • The lymphatic / blood circulation of the eye contour area is rather slowed down.
  • Due to its peculiar distinctive characteristics, the skin around the eyes appears very susceptible to stagnation of interstitial liquids and blood; moreover, this area is clearly drier and more permeable than the other areas of the face. All this translates into a natural predisposition towards bags, dark circles and expression lines.

    they can be the result of a slowing down of the lymphatic and venous microcirculation in the periorbital area. In turn, the stagnation of liquids and blood, with the deposit of pigments in the dermis (melanin and oxidized hemoglobin), gives the eye contour the typical violet-bluish "shade". As we age, the dark circles under the eyes become even more marked due to the progressive thinning of the epidermis in this area and the reduction in blood microcirculation.

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    The laxity of the skin linked to photoaging is mainly due to the chemical-physical changes that the collagen and elastin fibers undergo as a result of the inflammatory phenomena triggered by UV rays: consequently, the protein structures that form the scaffolding of the dermis are degraded and the skin appears less firm and elastic, in fact susceptible to wrinkles.

    Bags

    Bags are also typical blemishes around the eyes: this is a typical swelling that is accentuated in certain circumstances (upon awakening, in conditions of strong stress or intense reading, after a hypersalted meal, etc.) and are very evident during "mature age.

    As we know, the eyelids are formed by folds of skin tissue with extraordinary elasticity, such as to make them very extensible. This same characteristic, however, makes the eyelids easily "attacked" by the phenomena of premature skin aging. Over time, the connective tissue that constitutes the subcutaneous cell layer of the eyelids tends to lose extensibility by gradually relaxing, until giving rise to - thanks to the contribution of local water retention - to the phenomenon of bags, the main culprit of the "dull" look.

    Wrinkles

    In addition to dark circles and bags, another typical imperfection of the eye contour is wrinkles, a problem felt by both the female and male world.

    The 20 muscles present in the eye contour area ensure facial expressions with over 10,000 daily movements: the same muscles, however, also play a decisive role in the formation of wrinkles, crow's feet and other folds of old age. Not surprisingly, the accentuated and repeated expressiveness of the face is part of the long list of faithful allies of photoaging.

    , oily or mixed it doesn't matter: this area is always extremely sensitive and, as such, requires a lot of attention. Remember, in fact, that the skin around the eyes tends to rebel more often against physical and chemical insults than other areas of the face.

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    Furthermore, it should not be forgotten that this area is much more at risk of fine lines, crow's feet and imperfections typical of age: precisely to postpone the manifestation of these (inevitable) imperfections as much as possible, the anti-aging treatment aimed at the eye contour it should start already around the age of 28-30.

    To promote the health of the critical "eye contour" area, it is first and foremost essential to protect the eyes from environmental pollution and minor irritations associated with repeated applications of make-up products: therefore, green light for sunglasses and moisturizing and elasticising creams. This area, in fact, needs to be kept hydrated as much as possible through the daily application of specific products with a deeply moisturizing and nourishing action, such as an eye contour cream.

    However, an ideal product for eye contour make-up must not be excessively greasy: light emulsions, serums and gels enriched with functional active ingredients with regenerating, nourishing, antioxidant and anti-aging properties are preferred. Furthermore, given the marked fragility and sensitivity of the area, products for the eye contour should also be enriched with substances that stimulate the microcirculation and protective sun filters to minimize the risks of photoaging.

    Anti-wrinkle cosmetics for the eye contour

    As mentioned, anti-wrinkle cosmetics for the eye contour should be used as early as 28-30 years of age, if not to counteract the first wrinkles that may not yet have appeared, at least to prevent them and delay them as much as possible " onset.

    To be effective, anti-wrinkle cosmetics for the eye contour should therefore contain a series of active ingredients capable of both moisturizing and nourishing the skin, and counteracting the factors that favor its aging, such as antioxidants (vitamins C and E, coenzyme Q10, etc.) and the elasticizing substances.

    Some anti-wrinkle cosmetics for the eye contour may also contain substances that relax the mimic muscles ("botox-like" substances and cosmetics).

    These cosmetics can be formulated in different ways and, more precisely, in the form of creams, gels, or serums. By doing so, it is possible to meet the needs of each individual.

    Cosmetics against bags and dark circles

    Given the main causes of the formation of bags and dark circles, anti-dark circles and anti-bags cosmetics are formulated with ingredients capable of promoting and protecting the microcirculation of the delicate area around the eyes. Examples of such ingredients are the plant extracts of butcher's broom or centella asiatica.

    At the same time, substances with a soothing, calming, anti-edema and anti-inflammatory action are also very useful; properties possessed, for example, by the plant extracts of witch hazel or calendula.

    Also in this case, the anti-dark circles and anti-bags cosmetics can be formulated in the form of creams, gels or serums.

    For further information: Eye Contour Cream with fillers (collagen fillers, hyaluronic acid fillers, etc.);
  • The use of laser technologies;
  • Dermabrasion and microdermabrasion;
  • The anti-wrinkle radiofrequency;
  • Injections of botulinum toxin.
  • Among the cosmetic surgery operations carried out to eliminate wrinkles around the eyes, however, we remember the lifting and the anti-wrinkle mini-lifting, lipofilling and blepharoplasty.

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